A debt consolidation loan is a way of gathering a number of different debts into a single affordable payment. This is can be a method of paying off credit cards, store cards and personal loans.
What is a debt consolidation loan?
The idea behind a debt consolidation loan is simple. It is a new loan that allows you to pay off multiple debts and then pay only a single monthly repayment instead of managing several at one time.
Bringing the debts together isn’t a way of making them disappear, however, it can be a better way to manage your money and reduce your monthly outgoings.
With that in mind, it’s important that a consolidation loan is enough to repay all smaller, loans and payments.
There are two types of debt consolidation loan:
- Secured: Where the amount borrowed is secured against an asset such as your home. These are sometimes referred to as homeowner loans. You could be offered one if you owe a large amount of money or have poor credit history.
- Unsecured: Where the debt isn’t secured against any other assets. You could consolidate up to £25,000 using an unsecured personal loan.
Consolidation loans often have a higher interest rate than those linked with your original debts and it’s important to be aware that if you have a history of defaulting on repayments you will face high interest charges on any consolidation loan.
A debt consolidation loan may be the right solution for you if you have a steady income and good credit score but the likelihood of this will be unlikely if you’re struggling with unsecured debts.
Am I eligible for a debt consolidation loan?
To be suitable for a debt consolidation loan, you must meet the conditions below:
- Have a steady job and income to ensure you’re able to manage repayments.
- Be stable enough money-wise to be able to cope with repayments should circumstances change – such as falling ill or if interest rates rise.
- Have a good credit rating to allow to you get the best rates.
- You haven’t consolidated a debt in the past.
If your credit score is poor but you own your home, it could be possible to take out a secured loan against your home. However, this should be carefully considered as defaulting on payments will put your home at risk.
It’s important to note that loan providers will decide whether to grant you a loan on a person by person basis.
Before choosing a consolidation loan, you should get advice from a debt expert as there could be better ways to clear your debt you haven’t considered.
What are the advantages of a consolidation loan?
- Everything you owe is pulled into one place meaning you only have one payment to stay on top of and one interest rate to keep track of.
- You’ll only make one monthly payment rather than juggling several payments at one time.
- Consolidation loans are an informal solution, so are not recorded on a public insolvency register.
- You may have a more time to repay your debts.
- The amount you pay towards your debt each month may be reduced.
- A debt consolidation loan will have a positive impact on your credit score – as long as you meet the monthly payments.
- Your debts will be repaid at the end of the consolidation loan term, assuming you haven’t missed any repayments fallen further into debt.
What are the disadvantages of a consolidation loan?
- Your debts must be paid in full, there is no debt forgiveness.
- You may not be eligible for a consolidation loan if you have a poor credit score and loan companies feel you don’t have enough income to make repayments.
- Interest rates are not frozen.
- If you opt for a consolidation loan, you could pay back more than if you’d handled the debts individually as the loan is repaid over a longer period of time.
- If you don’t keep up with the loan payments, the loan provider can take action against you.
- Your home could be at risk if you choose a secured loan.
- It may take longer to repay your debts thank with other debt solutions.
Consolidation loan process
Each consolidation loan will be slightly different, but these are the basic steps to using one to become debt free:
Search for the best deal
Many companies offer consolidation loans, so there are many options out there. Using a price comparison website could help you find the best deal for you – one with lower interest rates and over a term appropriate for you.
Apply to the lender
Once you have found a suitable loan, the next step is to apply for it. You may need to provide proof of your income, in order to demonstrate your ability to meet the repayments. Your credit score will also be checked and taken into account.
Use the loan to settle your existing debts
If you are approved, and receive the loan, the next step is to distribute it between your existing creditors in order to settle and close your accounts with them. This leaves you with only one creditor, who you will pay back, plus interest, in a single monthly instalment.
Repay the consolidation loan
The final step is simply to keep up with your monthly repayments. If you are successful in doing so, you will eventually be able to clear your debts.
Frequently Asked Questions
This is dependent on your circumstances. Many consolidation loans will actually help to increase your score, but if you continue to use large amounts of credit after clearing your debts or miss payments to the loan, your score can be brought back down again.
If your credit score is already low, you will find it difficult to get a consolidation loan, and if you find a company willing to lend you the money you may find that they will charge you higher interest and penalties.
It’s best to shop around for the best deal and pick a loan that is suitable for your situation. Companies will usually look at how much debt you owe overall and your credit score to determine if you’re a good risk for them to lend money to so it’s a good idea to use comparison websites to help you.
There are two types of debt consolidation loans, secured and unsecured. A secured loan is one that is taken out against one of your assets such as your home, which can give you better rates but put your home at risk.
Unsecured loans are much like other loans, none of your assets will be at risk but you’ll need a good credit rating to be able to get accepted for one.
Using a consolidation loan to clear your debts could save you money by allowing you to make just the one payment to the loan instead of several payments to different companies. This can also mean that you end up paying less interest in the long-run.
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